I was in Boca Raton helping take care of my grandkids for the last week and a half. It was very nice. I was there for Parshas Noah and Parshas Lech Lacha. I had a bad cold for Noah so my Shabbos was muted. Lech Lecha I was back on my game and Boca Raton Synagogue had some great speakers.
The following is Torah I learned at BRS.
Friday Night, October 10, 2013:
Arrived in Shul for Mincha and Kabalas Shabbos. I picked up the BRS weekly and loved what I saw. Rabbi Rabinovici is in Boca to teach Torah and there is a scholar in residence.
Went home for a delicious Shabbos meal with the kids.
9:15 PM – Went to Rabbi Moscowitz’s house for a Shiur by Rabbi Shmuel Rabinovici. It was a Shiur on adding the prayer for rain in the Shmoei Esra – V-Sain Tal U’matur Levracha -which in Israel begins on the 7th of Marchesvan and in the Diaspora begins on December 4th, which is supposed to be 60 days after the fall equinox. However, we add 10 days due to the adjustment of the Gregorian colander in the late 1500’s. I am not sure why it is the night of December 4th, which is 73 days after the fall equinox. Rabbi Rabinovici mentioned the Rosh who asks, the 60 days after the fall equinox was for Babylonia, and why in other parts of the world isn’t it at different time based on when rain is needed, such as south of the equator. The Rosh said that although the date for the start of praying for rain should be different for different parts of the world, the custom is to do it for all of the diaspora on December 4th. The Shiur was excellent.
Shabbos morning, October 11, 2013:
Made it to the 7:25 AM Haskama Minyan at 7:55 AM, during the end of Chazaros Hashatz. Typical for me as I am always late. Rabbi Efrem Goldberg, Rabbi of BRS, spoke beautifully. He quoted Newton’s first law of motion – “ . . .an object either is at rest or moves at a constant velocity, unless acted upon by an external force.
Chapter 11, Verse 31 states:
And Terach took Abram, his son and Lot the son of Haran, his grandson, and Sarai his daughter in law, the wife of Abram his son and they went forth with them from Ur of the Chaldees to go to the land of Canaan, and they came as far as Charan and settled there.
Chapter 12, verse 5 states that Abram left to go to the land of Canaan, and he came to the land of Canaan.
It is interesting that Terach also left his land to go to Canaan, just like Abram. The difference is that Terach stopped in Charan and settled there. Terach also wanted to go to Canaan, a land of a higher spiritual level. However, Terach got distracted and settled in Charan. He was enticed by the bright lights of Charan. Abram on the other hand was not distracted from his mission and made it to the land of Canaan. Rabbi Goldberg continued, we all have the power and ability to achieve spirituality and/or greatness. Many of us get distracted from our mission. We have to be like Abram and actually make it to the promised land, achieve higher spirituality, and fully achieve our mission in life.
Listened to the Torah reading
During the Torah reading, I noticed a Targum Onkalys who seems to disagree with Rashi. Chapter 16, verse 12 is the conversation between the angel and Hagar, Sarah’s maidservant.
יב. וְהוּא יִהְיֶה פֶּרֶא אָדָם יָדוֹ בַכֹּל וְיַד כֹּל בּוֹ וְעַל פְּנֵי כָל אֶחָיו יִשְׁכֹּן
12. And he will be a wild donkey of a man; his hand will be upon all, and everyone’s hand upon him, and before all his brothers he will dwell.”
Rashi translates the Verse as follows:
And he shall be an “outdoorsman who loves hunt”, his hand shall be against every man, “a robber”, and every man’s hand against him, “everyone will hate him and contend with him”; and he shall dwell in the face of all his brethren. This is very harsh.
Onkalys translates it is follows:
And he shall be a rebellious person, he will need everyone and everyone will need him, and he shall dwell in the face of all his brethren.
I was puzzled on how to fully understand Onkalys, and asked Rabbi Tzvi Yehuda and Rabbi Rabinovici for their opinion.
Rabbi Tzvi Yehuda said that Onkalys was more of an open person and explained Onkayls that while the nature of Yismael is to be rebellious, he is an integral part of the world. (This is how I understood Rabbi Tzvi Yehuda)
Rabbi Rabinovici said differently. Yismael will be rebellious and you will want to avoid him, just as we avoid difficult people. However the Torah tells us, you will not be able to avoid him because he will need everyone and everyone will need him
I listened to the reading of the Torah and while the Haskama Minyan davened Mussaf, I davened Shachris, and caught Tefilah B’zibbur. Rabbi Moshe Soloveichik confirmed that according to Rabbi Chaim Brisker, I fulfilled Tefilah B’zibbur. Rabbi Moshe Solevichik’s grandfather, who has the same name and was Rosh HaYeshiva of YU, as a student once was in Shul, and while the congregation was at Mussef, he was at the Shachris prayer. Rabbi Moshe Soloveichik, TZL, davened the Mussaf prayer with the congregation and afterwards said the Shacharis prayer. Reb Moshe, TZL, asked his father, Reb Chaim Brisker, if it was proper to first say the Mussaf prayer and then the Shachris prayer. Reb Chaim Brisker answered his son that had his son said the Shachris prayer while the congregation was saying the Mussaf prayer, then it would have been Tefilah B’Tzibbur and proper.
After davening took a small bowl of Cholent to the Board room to attend Rabbi Tzvi Yehuda’s Shiur. Reb Theo was there to provide the Diet Coke.
Rabbi Tzvi Yehuda said two amazing Torah insights:
1) In the first test and the tenth test, the Torah uses the same type of descriptive terminology. The Torah is telling us that there is a commonality between the two.
First test was for Abram to leave his home and go to Canaan:
Chapter 12, Verse 1:
וַיֹּאמֶר יְהֹוָה אֶל אַבְרָם לֶךְ לְךָ מֵאַרְצְךָוּמִמּוֹלַדְתְּךָ וּמִבֵּית אָבִיךָ אֶל הָאָרֶץ אֲשֶׁר אַרְאֶךָּ
:1. And the Lord said to Abram, “Go forth from your land and from your birthplace and from your father’s house, to the land that I will show you.
The tenth test of Abraham was the Akeidah – Chapter 22, Verse 2
The Torah uses to the same type of expression: :
ב.וַיֹּאמֶר קַח נָא אֶתבִּנְךָ אֶת יְחִידְךָ אֲשֶׁר אָהַבְתָּ אֶת יִצְחָק וְלֶךְ לְךָ אֶל אֶרֶץ הַמֹּרִיָּה וְהַעֲלֵהוּ שָׁם לְעֹלָה עַל אַחַד הֶהָרִים אֲשֶׁר אֹמַר אֵלֶיךָ:
2. And He said, “Please take your son, your only one, whom you love, yea, Isaac, and go away to the land of Moriah and bring him up there for a burnt offering on one of the mountains, of which I will tell you.”
Rabbi Tzvi Yehuda said beautifully. In both places the Torah increases the intensity of the moment, emphasizing that what is asked of Abram is difficult, something of great importance, and meaning. By asking Abram to leave his home, God was asking Abram to give up his past; and at the Akediah, God was asking Abraham to give up his future.
2) Rabbi Tzvi introduced his next piece of Torah by reading this Rashi on Chapter 22, Versa 12. I can still hear in my mind how beautifully Rabbi Tzvi Yehuda read the below Rashi in his scholarly voice:
כי עתה ידעתי: אמר רבי אבא אמר לו אברהם אפרש לפניך את שיחתי, אתמול אמרת לי (לעיל כא יב) כי ביצחק יקרא לך זרע, וחזרת ואמרת (שם כב ב) קח נא את בנך, עכשיו אתה אומר לי אל תשלח ידך אל הנער. אמר לו הקב”ה (תהלים פט לה) לא אחלל בריתי ומוצא שפתי לא אשנה, כשאמרתי לך קח מוצא שפתי לא אשנה, לא אמרתי לך שחטהו אלא העלהו, אסקתיה אחתיה
12. for now I know: Said Rabbi Abba: Abraham said to Him,“ I will explain my complaint before You. Yesterday, You said to me (above 21:12): ‘for in Isaac will be called your seed,’ and You retracted and said (above verse 2): ‘ Take now your son.’ Now You say to me, ‘ Do not stretch forth your hand to the lad.’” The Holy One, blessed be He, said to him (Ps. 89:35): “I shall not profane My covenant, neither shall I alter the utterance of My lips.” When I said to you,“ Take,” I was not altering the utterance of My lips. I did not say to you,“ Slaughter him,” but,“ Bring him up.” You have brought him up; [now] take him down. — [from Gen. Rabbah 56:8]
Rabbi Tzvi Yehuda also said that when it comes to an animal, וְהַעֲלֵהוּ , uplifting spiritually always means a Sacrifice to God. However, when it comes to people הַעֲלֵהו always means that when we uplift someone to God, we uplift them by teaching them knowledge, and educating them.
Went into the main Shul to Daven Mussaf. After services the scholar-in-residence, Rabbi Shmuel Bowman spoke. He spoke emotionally about what he does. He is the Executive Director of Operation Lifeshield, a not-for-profit organization that provides above ground air raid shelters. He said that he went to Israel as an educator and found his calling running this important organization. He said that in 2006 Israel decided that they could not build underground shelters. Israel cannot be a country living underground and that it was too much a reminder of the Holocaust. He spoke about what it means to Israeli’s who are in harm’s way from rockets to have these shelters.
I took my granddaughter, Tiferet, to visit Nachum Caplan by his in-laws house in Captiva. His mother-in-law is from South Africa and I met some of the BRS South African contingent at her house. His cousin was there. His cousin’s wife is a granddaughter of Rabbi Walkin, who was a Dayan in Pinsk. My Bubby was from Pinsk and I spent a Shabbos in 2005 in Pinsk.
Shabbos afternoon – Rabbi Shmuel Bowman spoke before Mincha.
Rabbi Shmuel Bowman talked about his disagreement with the book, The Giving Tree. I never read this kid’s book, however, my niece, Chanie, read the book as a kid in Texas. In the book, a kid over his lifetime tells the tree that he is unhappy and would like various things. The tree constantly gives and gives the kid part of herself to try to make the kid happy. The tree is cut down piece by piece, until years later, the tree is only a stump. Even after all these years of the kid getting what he wants, and now he is an older man, he is not happy, and the tree even as a stump offers the kid her stump for him to rest.
Rabbi Bowman’s disagreement with The Giving Tree is self evident.
Rabbi Bowman then talked about a Gemorah is Shabbos in which a Tanna walks into the study hall and silences the learning. The Tanna tells the entire study hall, I have just heard a beautiful saying from a child. Imagine walking into the Bais Medresh and stopping learning for a kids poem.
The Tanna said he heard a child say that the entire Hebrew alphabet teaches life and moral lessons.
Aleph – Beis. Aleph Bina – The primary thing to knowledge.
גּ – ד stands for Gomel Dalim – translated as being generous to people in need. The Tanna is amazed that even the form of the Hebrew letters have great insight. We can see this lesson in the form of the letters גּ – ד . The Daled – person in need – cannot see the Gimel – the person who gives. The top of the Gimal arches over as he is giving to the Daled. The top right of the Daled has a little piece that extends back towards the Gimal. This symbolizes that the person in need puts his hand behind him to receive the largess from the Gomel.
At the third Sabbath meal, Rabbi Bowman spoke about Christian Evangelicals and their support for Israel. He has asked them why they support Israel. He was told that Christian Evangelicals believe in the Torah; and what is said in Chapter 12, Verse 3, is to be taken literally.
Chapter 12, Verse 3 states:
וַאֲבָרְכָה מְבָרֲכֶיךָ וּמְקַלֶּלְךָ אָאֹר וְנִבְרְכוּ בְךָ כֹּל מִשְׁפְּחֹת הָאֲדָמָה
And I will bless those who bless you, and the one who curses you I will curse, and all the families of the earth shall be blessed in you.”
Rabbi Bowman spoke of being at the Christian United for Israel (CUFI) convention. Two years ago, Rabbi Lopatin spoke from the pulpit about being at the same CUFI convention.
Rabbi Bowman also mentioned that the Christian Evangelicals have a new slogan, popping up at conventions. It is Esther 4:14.
Esther 4:14 states:
“14. For if you remain silent at this time, relief and rescue will arise for the Jews from elsewhere, and you and your father’s household will perish; and who knows whether you attained the kingdom at this time just to save the Jews.”
When Rabbi Shmuel Bowman takes Christian Evangelical ministers to show them the need for shelters, he tells them Esther 4:14. He tells them that God will provide us with money for shelters, even without your money, however, “who knows whether you attained the kingdom at this time just to save the Jews.”
Sunday morning Daf Yomi with Rabbi Ben Sugerman.